Актуально: Как пережить жару

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солнце

Прежде всего, необходимо отказаться от крепких спиртных напитков, так как алкоголь увеличивает теплоотдачу организма и провоцирует перегрев. Впрочем, даже пиво в жару, если употреблять его помногу и каждый день, приводит через пару месяцев к алкоголизму. Врачи обычно советуют пить в жаркие дни не менее двух литров жидкости, но при обильном потоотделении норму можно несколько повысить, в разумных пределах. Даже сердечникам, которым не рекомендуется пить больше полутора литров жидкости в день, можно увеличить ее количество еще на стакан.

Утолить жажду сладкими газированными колами невозможно — эти напитки созданы не для утоления, а для возбуждения жажды и покупки нового напитка. Если прочитать написанные мелкими буковками сведения о составе напитка на стандартной 330-граммовой банке любой колы, то можно с большим удивлением обнаружить, что в такой банке по сути содержится 7 и более (!) кусков сахара. Легко проверить: кусок сахара весит 5,5 грамма, а все указанные на этикетке углеводы — это чистая сахароза. Куда лучше пить подсоленную или подкисленную воду: на пол-литра воды — соли на кончике ножа, чайную ложку лимонного сока или столовую ложку сухого белого вина (не более!).

Лучшим средством для борьбы с жарой обычно считают речку или пруд. Но и при купании нужно соблюдать осторожность. Перегревшись на солнце и после этого резко нырнув в воду, можно спровоцировать спазм сосудов сердца. Если уж хочется купаться, необходимо перед этим остыть в тени. Вообще все контрастные процедуры — обливание или обтирание после перегрева холодной водой, подъем тяжестей и т.п. — могут иметь печальные последствия. Поэтому тем, кто страдает сердечно-сосудистыми болезнями, необходимо иметь при себе нитроглицерин.

Ну а если плохо стало не вам, а соседу на пляже? Если у него нет острой боли за грудиной — можно помочь, выполнив искусственное дыхание и непрямой массаж сердца. Если болит — срочно нужно дать ему нитроглицерин и вызвать врача. Если нет ни того, ни другого, спазм сосудов можно, конечно, снять большой дозой алкоголя, но это рискованно.

Отчасти заменить водные процедуры поможет мокрая косынка на голову или мокрая простыня на плечи, область сердца, подмышки. По мере высыхания ее можно вновь намочить в холодной воде и отжать. Но тогда уж следите, чтобы сквозняков не было, иначе простуда неизбежна.

Сильная жара, особенно в сочетании с переутомлением, воздействует на иммунную систему, ослабляет организм. Не загорайте под прямыми лучами солнца, загар в тени ничуть не хуже. Особенно быстро перегреваются на солнце маленькие дети, не давайте им гулять без головного убора, берегите кожу от ожогов.


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