Автономная водородная АЗС на энергии солнца у вас дома

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Автономная водородная АЗС на энергии солнца у вас домаАвтомобильная промышленность сейчас стоит на эволюционном распутье. Сегодня просматриваются три основных ветви дальнейшего развития автомобильного транспорта: электромобиль, автомобиль с гибридной силовой установкой и автомобиль с двигателем внутреннего сгорания, использующий экологически дружественное топливо, в частности водород.

Водородный автомобиль, на самом деле, выглядит наиболее «чистой» альтернативой классическому автомобилю. Он не требует громоздких и дорогих аккумуляторных батарей, производство которых, кстати, отнюдь не является чистым. Более того, водородный автомобиль не требует радикальной реконструкции двигателя и совершенно не засоряет окружающую среду, поскольку выбрасывает в атмосферу в качестве выхлопа обыкновенную воду.

Солнечный транспорт
Солнечный транспорт

Почему автомобили с водородным двигателем до сих пор не получили широкого распространения. Вся сложность заключается в компактном и безопасном хранении водорода, газа очень летучего и легковоспламеняющегося. Хотя сейчас все чаще появляются сообщения о разработке новых, все более совершенных, топливных элементов.

Разработчики компании Honda приступили к испытаниям прототипа следующего поколения водородной заправочной станции для питания, которой будет использоваться солнечная батарея. Новая заправочная станция настолько компактна, что предполагается ее использование в домашних условиях. 

Новая водородная АЗС – это компактное интегрированное устройство, которое помещается  в обычном гараже для автомобиля, и способно производить до 0.5 кг топлива в течение 8 часов, которого должно быть достаточно для ежедневных поездок (16 тысяч километров в год).

Космические электростанции дразнят землян огромной энергией
Космические электростанции дразнят землян огромной энергией

Заправочная станция от Хонды позволит пользователю заправлять свой автомобиль водородом ночью, когда стоимость электроэнергии ниже, а днем солнечная батарея будет отдавать электроэнергию в сеть, тем самым компенсируя ночные затраты электроэнергии. Домашняя водородная заправка рассматривается лишь как дополнительный способ экономно заправить свой водородный автомобиль, в то время как для быстрой заправки будут использоваться публичные АЗС, позволяющие заправляться всего за 5 минут (вспомните, что для заправки электромобиля до 80% емкости пока необходимо от 15 до 30 минут).

И так подведем краткие итоги:

Автомобиль на водородном топливе – нулевые выбросы, быстрая зарядка, привычная конструкция, сложность хранения топлива.

Автомобиль с гибридной силовой установкой – высокая автономность, хорошие динамические характеристики, привычное топливо, средние выбросы углерода.

Электромобиль – нулевые выбросы, высокий крутящий момент двигателя, бесшумность, «грязное» и дорогое производство аккумуляторов, низкая скорость заряда.

Как видно, хотя про водородные автомобили пока слышно очень мало, их перспективность кажется очевидной.

 

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