Хвоя повышает иммунитет и помогает выдерживать умственные и физические нагрузки

Хвоя повышает иммунитет и помогает выдерживать умственные и физические нагрузки

В настоящее время из хвои ели и сосны производятся различные адаптогенные добавки, призванные улучшить качество питания, восполнить недостаток витаминов. А так же ее используют в рецептах народной медицины...

Хвоя исследуется и используется со времен Советского Союза, хотя полностью ее состав и свойства еще не изучены. Выяснилось, что еловая хвоя содержит большое количество жирорастворимых витаминов, витамина С, эфирные масла, фитонциды и другие биоактивные вещества.

Протеиновый состав хвои сосны включает 19 аминокислот, в том числе: большое количе­ство лизина, аргинина, аспарагиновой кислоты, лейцина и небольшие количе­ства триптофана, цистина, цистеина и метионина.

Максимальная концентрация протеина - в однолетней хвое в конце зимы-начале весны - до 12,5% для сосны.

Сезонные колебания связаны с накоплением белковых веществ в зимний период и их активным использованием летом. Для 2-3-летней хвое сосны это колебания 9,6…11,8%, для ели — 5,6…8,6%

В более молодых иглах происходит более быстрое обновление белка, поэтому чем моложе хвоя, тем больше в ней протеина.

Экологически чистые продукты доказывают свою пользу для здоровья человека.
Экологически чистые продукты доказывают свою пользу для здоровья человека.

Содержание отдельных аминокислот также сильно варьируется в зависимости от времени года. Содержание лизина, лей­цина и аргинина увеличивается по мере роста хвои и максимального значения достигает в августе. А концетрация треонина и серина, наоборот, падает.

Из общего количества протеина хвои сосны и ели 30% составляют нерастворимые азотистые вещества, 60% протеина от общего количества приходится на альбумины, глобулины, проламины и глютамины. Глютамины и альбумины - самая богатая аминокислотами фракция.

Растущая почка содержит больше свободных аминокислот, чем сформированный побег. Глутаминовая, аспарагиновая и у-аминомасляная кислоты, аргинин, пролин, а-аланин составляют 77% всего аминокислотного азота растущего побега.

Уменьшение общего содержания свободных аминокислот в хвое сосны проявляется в светлое время суток.. В ноч­ные часы концентрация суммы аминокислот достигает максимума.

Наибольшая концентрация белка при заготовке сырья достигается тщательным отделением иголок от веточек, в побегах концентрация азотистых веществ в два раза меньше.

В народной медицине и кулинарии из хвои получают чаи, настойки, квас и пиво, также используют как приправу к вторым блюдам и салатам.

Таблицы и цифры из книги "Переработка древесной зелени" Левин Э. Д., Репях С. М.


Если эта статья на нашем сайте ecology.md , была для вас полезна, то предлагаем вам книгу с Рецептами живого, оздоравливающего питания. Веганские и сыроедческие рецепты известного итальянского шеф-повара Анджелы Аграти-Прейндж. А так же предлагаем вам подборку самых лучших материалов нашего сайта по мнению наших читателей. Подборку - ТОП лучших статей об здоровом образе жизнии здоровом питании вы можете найти там, где вам максимально удобно ВКонтакте или В Фейсбуке

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