Как беспилотники могут защитить диких животных от исчезновения

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Как беспилотники могут защитить диких животных от исчезновения

В то время, когда ежегодно сотням или тысячам видов грозит исчезновение, нет ничего важнее контроля и мониторинга дикой природы. Голландские стартапперы предложили проводить круглосуточный мониторинг редких животных при помощи беспилотников, оборудованных тепловизорами.

Голландский стартап Dutch UAS создал дрон-беспилотник, который способен контролировать поверхность земли. Он может производить мониторинг диких животных, как крупных: носорогов и слонов, так и более мелких сельскохозяйственных животных, таких как коровы и козы, и растительность, сельскохозяйственные культуры и деревья.

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Давайте посмотрим на одном примере, как это работает. В прошлом, люди пытались контролировать животных пешком, на автомобилях, самолетах или вертолетах. Например, два человека на вертолете могут посчитать количество слонов и носорогов внизу.

Проблема в том, что это неэффективно, дорого, затратно по времени и часто небезопасно. Вместо этого, беспилотник Dutch UAS может автоматически летать над землей, создавать карту области, обнаруживать и идентифицировать различные виды животных. Например, он может автоматически обнаруживать и проделять, что на этом участке находится 20 антилоп импала, один жираф, гну и 25 зебр.

Затем команда специалистов анализирует данные о количестве конкретных животных в данном сегменте, и легко сравнивает популяции животных из года в год и отслеживает тенденции. Землевладельцы могут быстро вмешаться, когда они видят потенциальную проблему.

Сейчас стартап участвует в проекте по защите носорогов от браконьерства. Dutch UAS оборудовал свой беспилотник тепловизорами, которые могут автоматически обнаруживать животных и людей. Изображения, сделанные камерами отправляются рейнджерам в режиме реального времени. Таким образом, рейнджеры могут видеть и днем и ночью, что происходит рядом с носорогами, так что они могут защитить животных более эффективно от браконьеров.

К примеру, у нас такие беспилотники могли бы отслеживать рост популяции волков и медведей в Чернобыльской зоне. Сейчас это делается с использованием камер ловушек, но это не всегда бывает эффективно.

Как беспилотники могут защитить диких животных от исчезновения

Как беспилотники могут защитить диких животных от исчезновения

 

 

Источник: rodovid.me


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