Растения манипулируют круглыми червями, используя их же феромоны

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Оказалось, что растения используют химический «язык», чтобы отгонять от себя вредителей-нематод, обманывая этих червей, планировавших обманывать сами растения.

Крошечные круглые черви нематоды — признанные сельхозвредители. Обосновываясь в корнях различных культур, они получают там гостиницу с полным пансионом, а фермерские хозяйства во всем мире — миллиардные убытки. Однако ученые обнаружили у растений суперспособность, которая может оказаться ключом к новым методам борьбы с этими паразитами. Статью о своем исследовании авторы опубликовали в Nature Communications.

Что делать, если на тебя нападают, а ты прикован к месту и не можешь убежать или уничтожить противника? Убедить его убраться подобру-поздорову. Ученые из Института Бойса Томпсона выяснили, что растения не просто воспринимают и имитируют «запах» нематод. По словам ведущего автора Фрэнка Шредера, они распознают систему коммуникации нематод и внедряются в нее, изучая систему сигнальных веществ, как мы учим иностранный язык.


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